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Collector’s Guide to Kaywoodie Pipes

This is an ongoing effort to adapt information from the Collector’s Guide to Kaywoodie Pipes into Pipedia articles. The Guide was first compiled by Chris Keene for his pipe pages at ChrisKeene.com. Chris used source material from Robert W. Stokes, Ph.D and additional support materials from Bill Feuerbach III, of the S.M. Frank Co.. Many thanks to these dedicated pipemen for their work in compiling this material.

by Robert W. Stokes, Ph.D

Содержание

  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 A BRIEF HISTORY OF KAYWOODIE PIPES
  • 3 ANNOTATED CHRONOLOGY OF KAYWOODIE PIPES (1936-1969)
    • 3.1 THE 1936 KAYWOODIE LINE OF PIPES
    • 3.2 THE 1947 KAYWOODIE LINE OF PIPES
    • 3.3 THE 1955 KAYWOODIE LINE OF PIPES
    • 3.4 THE 1968-69 KAYWOODIE LINE OF PIPES
    • 3.5 NOTES ON KAYWOODIES INTRODUCED BETWEEN 1955 AND 1968
    • 3.6 NOTES ON “OTHER” KAYWOODIE PIPES
  • 4 HINTS ON COLLECTING, DATING AND PRICING KAYWOODIES
  • 5 APPENDIX KAYWOODIE SHAPE NUMBERS AND DESCRIPTIONS
    • 5.1 A Partial Chronology of Kaywoodie Grades, Shapes and Prices (1936 – 1969)
      • 5.1.1 1936 Kaywoodie Shape Numbers and Descriptions
      • 5.1.2 1947 Kaywoodie Shape Numbers and Descriptions
      • 5.1.3 1955 Kaywoodie Shape Numbers and Descriptions
      • 5.1.4 1968-69 Kaywoodie Shape Numbers and Descriptions
  • 6 ENDNOTES

Introduction

Pipesmokers who were born before 1950 have probably, at one time or another, smoked a Kaywoodie Pipe. As recently as the early 1970’s, many local drugstores had extensive Kaywoodie Pipe displays. These later Kaywoodies, however, were generally lacquered “hand-burners” that probably did more to discourage pipesmoking than any recent anti-smoking campaigns. Unfortunately, it is this image of later Kaywoodies that is most prevalent with the majority of pipesmokers/collectors today. Contrary to this perception of all Kaywoodies as “drugstore pipes”, many of the early Kaywoodie Pipes were quality briars that were available in an extensive range of shapes.

In recent years, many collectors have “re-discovered” Kaywoodie Pipes. Ads for Kaywoodies, and/or requests for information concerning these pipes, have appeared in pipesmoking and related journals with increasing frequency in recent years. Readily available and reliable information on Kaywoodie Pipes, however, is virtually non-existent. It is unfortunate that with the increasing popularity of pipe collecting in this country, U.S. pipe smoking history has largely been ignored. In its heyday, Kaywoodie Pipes was the world’s largest consumer of briar and, contrary to popular belief, produced some extremely high quality smoking pipes, many incorporating innovative design features.

This monograph is an initial attempt at documenting the Kaywoodie story. This should be viewed as an “initial attempt” in that it is based on information extracted from only a few catalogs and correspondence with a limited number of Kaywoodie collectors. The catalogs reviewed in this research span the period from 1936 to 1969 in roughly ten-year increments. Because of the gaps in catalogs, it is highly likely that there are many “holes” in the information presented here. The information available on pre­-1936 Kaywoodies, for example, is particularly vague and is largely speculative in nature. It is hoped that this initial attempt will provide a useful point of departure for future, more exhaustive research on this important, interesting, but neglected era in American pipesmoking history.

A BRIEF HISTORY OF KAYWOODIE PIPES

According to Hacker (1), the firm of Kaufmann Brothers and Bondy (KB&B) began producing the Kaywoodie (2) Pipe in 1915. Hacker notes that:

“The company was originally started in 1851 in New York by two brothers named Kaufman[n], who sold meerschaums and clays that a third :brother sent them from Vienna. Business thrived and in 1854 the Kaufman[n]s took in a partner named Bondy. . The three partners retired :in 1898, but their relatives continued on with the firm, which had begun to manufacture their own briar pipes under the KB&B trademark. :In 1915 the Kaywoodie brand was created as a marketing umbrella for a new briar pipe which the KB&B company introduced. . “‘

The “marketing umbrella” mentioned by Hacker included lower grade Kaywoodies that were later marketed under the “Yello-Bole” name. (According to a 1948 Yello-Bole catalog, “Yello-Boles have been on the market since 1933. About 25 millions of these pipes have been sold”). Hacker concludes his history of Kaywoodie Pipes by noting that:

“The KB&B briar pipe brand existed from 1900 until just after World War I (with some overlapping with the Kaywoodie from 1915 — 1917), :and collectors refer to the KB&B as a Kaywoodie transition pipe. During the early years of the 20th century a number of filter systems :were designed by the KB&B firm and incorporated into their Kaywoodie Pipes under the names of Synchro-Stem and Kaywoodie Drinkless3 :filters. During the late 1920’s and throughout the 30’s the Kaywoodie became a highly respected pipe in spite of its filter system (which :was popular among many smokers of the era) primarily due to the fine quality of the straight grain and the flame grain models. :Unfortunately, the hard-to-get-briar years of World War II marked the decline of the Kaywoodie Pipe, a plummet from which it has never :recovered as far as collectors are concerned. “

The pre-Kaywoodie KB&B pipes were marked on the shank with a cloverleaf around KB&B. Some early Kaywoodies had this same marking on the shank, but the practice was dropped sometime prior to 1936. Yello-Boles also had KBB in the leaf on the shanks, but did not have the ampersand found on Kaywoodies.

Early (pre-1936) Kaywoodies had an “elongated” white cloverleaf on the bit, a large fitment, and four-digit shape numbers. The 1936 catalog shows a larger, “fuller” leaf, but lists two-digit shape numbers. Sometime between 1936 and 1947, the better pipes were marked on the bits with a black cloverleaf in a white circle. The white cloverleaf continued on the lesser pipes. However, this was not a consistent convention, as pipes of the same grade could have either type of leaf.

The S.M. Frank Co. now owns the Kaywoodie name, but no longer makes pipes. However, Italian made “drugstore” grade Kaywoodies are still being marketed in this country. These Italian-made Kaywoodies have a “white­outline” cloverleaf logo.

Pipedia Editor’s Note: Thankfully, Kaywoodies are again being made in the U.S. [1]

ANNOTATED CHRONOLOGY OF KAYWOODIE PIPES (1936-1969)

Throughout much of the 1940’s, 50’s and 60’s, the Kaywoodie family of pipes consisted of 11 basic grades of briar pipes; though new grades were frequently added to the line and some older grades were discontinued or downgraded. These 11 basic grades of pipes, listed in ascending order of quality, were:

  1. Drinkless
  2. Hand-made Super Grain
  3. Super Grain
  4. Relief Grain
  5. Flame Grain
  6. Silhouette
  7. Oversize Kaywoodies
  8. Meerschaum Inlaid Kaywoodies
  9. Connoisseur
  10. Ninety-fiver
  11. Centennial

This Chapter presents a description of the grades that appeared in the Kaywoodie line of pipes for the period from 1936 through 1969. The information comes from Kaywoodie catalogs from 1936, 1947, 1955, and 1968-69. Four “undated” catalogs were also consulted as an aid in establishing the hierarchy of pipes in the frequently changing Kaywoodie line-up. Based on a comparison of prices in the 1955 and 1968-69 catalogs, these four undated catalogs appear to span the period from “after 1955” to “before 1968”.

    The Kaywoodie familty of pipes, 1947

THE 1936 KAYWOODIE LINE OF PIPES

The 1936 Kaywoodie catalog lists only four grades of pipes (Table 1). These four grades, however, were available in 140 shapes (see Appendix). These 140 shapes included many that differed only in size (small, medium, large). For example, the “In-Between”, “Colt” and “Freshman” shapes listed in the Appendix were merely smaller versions of the standard shapes, and the “E-Z-Set” shapes were “flat-bottom” versions of the standard shapes.

Table 1: Kaywoodie Pipe Grades and Prices (1936)

  • Straight Grain: $10.00
  • Super Grain: $5.00
  • Carburetor: $4.00
  • Drinkless: $4.00

As shown in Table 1, the Straight-Grain pipe was Kaywoodies’ top-of-the­-line, selling for $10.00 in 1936. The Straight Grain pipe did not appear again in the catalogs reviewed in this research until 1968-69 (see Section 3.4).

The 1936 catalog shows 3 Super Grain models, selling for $5.00 each. One model is introduced as the “New Banded” Super Grain. The banded Super Grain had the white Kaywoodie cloverleaf logo in the bit and a wide metal band. The non-banded (“original”) Super Grain had the white Kaywoodie cloverleaf logo in the shank of the pipe and was offered in two finishes, virgin and miami (slightly darker than virgin). Due to the gap in catalogs used in this research, it is not known precisely when the practice of putting the cloverleaf in the shank of the Super Grains was discontinued (the 1947 catalog shows the cloverleaf on the bit). The Super Grain was later downgraded and many new grades appeared above it (see subsequent sections of this Chapter). The early (original) Super Grains are particularly interesting not only because they were high quality briars, but because they were the only Kaywoodies (in the author’s knowledge) to have the logo inlaid in the shank of the pipe.

The 1936 catalog “Introduces an entirely new principle in pipe-smoking, the new Kaywoodie Carburetor”. The carburetor device was basically a hole in the bottom of the bowl that was intended to control the mixture of smoke and air (drawn in through the bottom of the bowl), thereby affording a cooler smoke. With the exception of the 1947 catalog, the Carburetor appears in all the catalogs reviewed in this research4. The Carburetor was available in smooth or relief (sandblast) finishes.

The workingman’s pipe in the 1936 catalog was the Drinkless Kaywoodie. The Drinkless Kaywoodie sold for $3.50 and came in the following four finishes: 1) Thorn (sandblast); 2) Walnut (“rich, warm brown that blends perfectly with brown suits, tweeds and brown hats”); 3) Suntan (“light summer-pipe color to go with light-color fabrics”); and 4) Dark (“rich cherry red”).

THE 1947 KAYWOODIE LINE OF PIPES

The 1947 Kaywoodie catalog shows 12 grades of briar pipes and introduces the Kaywoodie Block Meerschaum (Table 2). The briar pipes were available in 69 shapes (See Appendix). In addition to these individual pipes, the 1947 catalog shows two- and seven-pipe matched grain sets(5).

The Block Meerschaums were available in straight or bent shapes and came in leather-covered cases. The Kaywoodie Block Meerschaums in the 1947 catalog were smooth pipes priced from $17.50 to $50.00, depending on size.

The Ninety-Fiver and Centennial pipes were apparently “anniversary pipes” offered to commemorate the firm’s 95th and 100th anniversaries, respectively(6). The Ninety-Fiver and Centennial pipes both had wide metal bands and came in cases lined with velvet and satin. Both are highly-prized by collectors.

The Oversize Kaywoodies were, as the name implies, “Giants”. Lowndes notes that these pipes were stamped simply, “Hand-Made”. The pipes were all roughly “bulldog-ish” in appearance and were available in the following styles and grades(7):

  • Hand-carved “Colossus” ($10)
  • Walnut finish, banded “Hercules” ($20)
  • Hand-carved “John Henry” ($10)
  • Virgin finish, specimen grain “Paul Bunyan”
  • ($25)Virgin finish, banded specimen grain “Goliath”
  • ($25)Walnut finish “Atlas”
  • ($20)Hand-carved, Meerschaum-Inlaid “Samson” ($15)

The Meerschaum-Inlaid (typically flame grain grade with Turkish meerschaum inlaid bowl), Silhouette (black sandblast finish with wide band) and Flame Grain pipes were all comparable in quality. The Relief Grain, Super Grain, Hand-Made Super Grain, and Drinkless pipes rounded-out the 1947 Kaywoodie line of pipes.

Table 2: 1947 Kaywoodie Pipe Grades and Prices (1947)

  • Connoisseur: $15.00
  • Meerschaum Inlaid: $12.50
  • Silhouette: $10.00
  • Flame Grain: $10.00
  • Relief Grain: $7.50
  • Handmade (carved) Super Grain: $5.00
  • Supergrain: $5.00
  • Drinkless: $3.50
  • Two-Pipe Matched Grain Setb: $25.00
  • Seven-Pipe Matched Grain Setc: $125.00

THE 1955 KAYWOODIE LINE OF PIPES

The line-up of pipes in the 1955 catalog (Table 3) was more extensive than in previous years. The catalog presented an expanded line of meerschaum pipes and introduced a 4-pipe set of Matched Grain Pipes, as well as several pipes with “special features”. The number of shapes available (see Appendix), however, was not substantially different from the number offered in the 1947 catalog. The “star” of the 1955 catalog was the Meerschaum Character Pipe. According to the catalog, “A very limited number of these [block] meerschaum character pipes are carved by Kaywoodie sculptors . . . each a true-life reproduction of a famous man.” The famous men honored on these pipes included: George Washington; Abraham Lincoln; Thomas Jefferson; Andrew Jackson; Stonewall Jackson; Daniel Boone; Theodore Roosevelt; Sir Walter Raleigh; and Mephisto.

The Twin-Bowl Kaywoodies were available in an all-meerschaum model (two removable inner bowls of meerschaum) and a meerschaum and Flame Grain model (outer bowl of flame grain briar and removable inner bowl of meerschaum). Other meerschaum pipes presented in the 1955 catalog included: the Gourd Calabash; the Coral (“dimpled”) Meerschaum; the All Briar (briar bit) and Flame Grain pipes with inlaid meerschaum bowls; and the “Doctor’s” pipe. The “Doctor’s” Pipe was fitted with a removable bowl of meerschaum that was designed to leave an air space between the inner (meerschaum) bowl and the outer (briar) bowl to circulate and cool the smoke Other interesting entries in the 1955 catalog included:

  • Export Pipes— Pipes without the Kaywoodie screw-in filter system. Available in Super Grain to Connoisseur grade pipes.
  • Fit Rite. “Fit Rite” refers to the design of the bit (“absolutely flat on top and bottom from the tip right to the saddle”).
  • Chesterfield8— Identical to the Peterson System Pipe (reservoir in pipe shank to collect moisture, Peterson style lip, military mounting). Available in Super Grain, Relief Grain, Flame Grain, and Connoisseur grades.
  • Chinrester. “S-Shaped” bit— “Chinrester pipes perform a special function by resting comfortably on the chin, thereby easing the strain on smokers whose jaws tire quickly or whose teeth are weak.”
  • Stembiter. “For smokers with strong teeth who bite through their pipe bits.” The bit was “notched” in front of the lip of the bit to “conform to the shape of the teeth”. The bit incorporated a 3-way smoke passage with two of the passages terminating in the lip-end of the bit and the third in the notch on the top of the bit9. (Also see “Durobit”, Section 3.4).
  • White Briar— “Bowls of prime imported briar, with hard white finish that keeps its lustre and sparkling whiteness.”
  • Filter-Plus— Interchangeable bowls in metal shanks. Two basic models were available. The 1955 model featured six “screw-on” interchangeable bowls. In the late 1950’s (after 1955) or early 60’s, the Filter-Plus Deluxe pipe was introduced (“gold-like” finish on shank). In the early to mid-1960’s, the Filter Pipes featured a “strap-on” bowl with a threaded base for ceramic filters. The bowl on these pipes was held in place with a spring-loaded pin that could be released by pulling the bit.
  • Drinkless Tuckaway–Smaller versions of “popular shapes”. Available in smooth or carved finishes (Also see Section 3.5)

Table 3. 1955 Kaywoodie Pipe Grades and Prices

  • Meerschaum Character Pipes: $100.00
  • Block: 15.00-50 (According to size)
  • Meerschaum Twin Bowl: $35.00
  • Meerschaum/Flame Grain Twin Bowl: $25.00
  • Sandblasted “Doctor’s” Pipe: $25.00
  • Centennial: $25.00
  • Coral Meerschaum: $20.00-25 (According to size)
  • Gourd Calabash: $15.00-25 (According to size)
  • Ninety-Fiver: $20.00
  • Oversize: $10.00-25(According to style and finish)
  • Connoisseur: $15.00
  • All Briar w/Meerschaum Inlaid Bowl: $12.50
  • Flame Grain (Meerschaum Inlaid)a: $12.50
  • Export Pipes: $5.00-15 (According to grade)
  • All Briar (Briar Bit): $10.00
  • Flame Grain: $10.00
  • Fit Rite: $10.00
  • Silhouette: $10.00
  • Carburetor: $7.50
  • Relief Grain: $7.50
  • Chesterfield: $5.00-15 (According to grade)
  • Chinrester: $5.00-10 (According to grade)
  • Stembiter: $5.00-10 (According to grade)
  • Streamliner: $4.00-10 (According to grade)
  • Super Grain: $5.00
  • Carved Super Grain: $5.00
  • White Briar: $5.00
  • Standard: $4.00
  • Filter Plus: $4.00
  • Drinkless pup: $3.50
  • Drinkless Tuckaway: $3.50
  • Drinkless In-Between: $3.50
  • Two-Pipe Companion Setsb: $10.00-25 (According to grade)
  • Matched Grain Set (4-Pipes): $50.00
  • Matched Grain Set (7-Pipes): $125.00

THE 1968-69 KAYWOODIE LINE OF PIPES

The 1968-69 catalog offered an interesting assortment of traditional and free-hand styles (Table 4). The traditional pipes were available in over 50 shapes (see Appendix). The Birdseye and Straight Grain pipes were the top-of-the-line, selling for $100 each. Every Birdseye and Straight Grain pipe was registered and, according to the catalog, would “be serviced for life”.

The Birdseye and Straight Grain pipes were packaged in special hand-fitted leather cases. Though both pipes are still highly regarded, the Birdseye pipe is probably the rarest of the Kaywoodie Pipes and is highly sought after by collectors.

The Kaywoodie Originals were “hand-carved, one-of-a-kind pipes” that were available in six general shapes in a choice of smooth or “textured” finishes. The Originals, like the Birdseye and Straight Grain Pipes, were registered and would be serviced for life. The Collector’s series was also available in six shapes (1C-6C) in a choice of smooth or sandblast finishes(10).

The Heirloom pipes were hand-carved briar heads of a Nobleman, a Prophet, and Satan. An undated catalog (probably from the late 1950’s or early 1960’s) offered these pipes as “carved heads” for $15.00 each. Another undated catalog (probably from the mid-60’s) offered the Heirloom pipes for $25 each. The Kaywoodie Regent featured an “India-Grain Rubber Bit” (simulated briar grain similar to the Dunhill Cumberland bit). The Durobit pipe was a variation of the 1955 Stembiter. The Durobit featured a “twin outlet” bit instead of the 3-way outlet used on the Stembiter bit (see Section 3.3). The Super Grain Syncro-Lok also featured a modified Kaywoodie bit design. A common problem with the Kaywoodie threaded bit is its tendency to “cant” to the right over time (i.e., as the threads wear, the bit can become twisted to the right)11. The Syncro-Lok bit, that “twists to any angle most comfortable to your individual bite,” was apparently intended to eliminate this problem.

In addition to the two-, five-, and seven-pipe Matched Grain pipe sets listed in Table 4, the 1968-69 catalog introduced the Presentation Pipe. The catalog states that in “Every 8 or 10 thousand briar blocks, we come across a single piece that is as near to perfection as briar can get. This rare find is set aside and turned over to a master pipe craftsman. He lovingly sees this precious briar through each step, until it takes shape as one of the rarest pipes in the century.” The Presentation Pipe was packaged in a walnut grain, velvet lined, leather case. (See Section 3.5 for description of other Kaywoodie Presentation Pipes).

Table 4. 1968-69 Kaywoodie Pipe Grades and Prices:

  • Birdseye: $100.00
  • Straight Grain: $100.00
  • Originals: $50.00 (100 for “selected grain”)
  • Gourd Calabash(a): $50.00 (hand-etched) 75 (smooth)
  • Heirlooms: $50.00
  • Block Meerschauma (“Coral” or Smooth Finish): $40.00-50 (Priced according to size)
  • Collectors: $35.00
  • Centennial(a): $25.00
  • Connoisseur(a): $20.00
  • Flame Grain w/Meerschaum Inlaid Bowl(a): $17.50
  • Flame Grain(a): $15.00
  • Chesterfield(a): $12.50
  • Relief Grain w/Meerschaum Inlaid Bowl: $12.50
  • Custom Grain: $12.50
  • Silhouette(a): $10.95
  • Regent: $10.95
  • Carburetor(a): $10.95
  • Chinrester(a): $10.00
  • Signet: $10.00
  • Prime Grain: $10.00
  • Durobit: $10.00
  • Filter Pipe(a): $9.50
  • Relief Grain(a): $8.95
  • White Briara: $8.95
  • Super Grain Syncro-Lok: $8.95
  • Standard: $7.95
  • Fine-Line: $6.95
  • Colt: $6.95
  • Campus White Briar: $6.95
  • Campus: $6.95
  • Drinkless(a):5.95
  • Companion Sets (2-Pipes)
    • Connoisseur: $40.00
    • Flame Grain w/Meerschaum Insert: $35.00
    • Flame Grain: $30.00
    • Custom Grain: $25.00
    • Prime Grain/Relief Grain: $18.95
    • Super Grain/Signet: $18.95
    • Super Grain: $17.95
    • Standard/White Briar: $16.95
    • Standard: $15.95
    • Presentation Pipe: $50.00
  • Matched Grain Sets:
    • 2 Pipesa: $75.00
    • 5 Pipes: $175.00
    • 7 Pipesa: $250.00

NOTES ON KAYWOODIES INTRODUCED BETWEEN 1955 AND 1968

The material presented in this monograph is extracted from 1936, 1947, 1955, 1968-69, and four undated Kaywoodie catalogs. Based on a comparison of prices in the 1955 and 1968-69 catalogs, the four undated catalogs appear to span the period from the late 1950’s to the late 1960’s (i.e., after 1955 but before 1968). This section presents a brief summary of the Kaywoodie Pipes that appeared in these undated catalogs, but did not appear in either the 1955 or 1968-69 catalogs. Table 5 lists Kaywoodie shape numbers that were introduced between 1955 and 1968

Presentation Collection. “The most illustrious collection of pipes ever assembled – the Kaywoodie Presentation Collection. It presents a set of 28 Kaywoodie Matched Grain Pipes . . . pipes as perfectly, flawlessly, magnificently matched as a string of rare Oriental pearls. Over 500,000 blocks of pristine briar must be sorted to find just one such matched collection; hence no more than 12 sets can be produced in any one year. Hand fashioned from tapered bit to burnished bowl, every pipe in this Collection becomes a prized possession. A Carved Headbriar [see note concerning “carved heads” in the discussion of Heirloom pipes, Section 3.4], a Calabash and a Meerschaum complete this Collection of 31 pipes. This precious ensemble is housed in a custom-designed walnut cabinet of distinguished elegance. It contains a tobacco humidor and a handy compartment for pipe smoking utensils. A brass plate, engraved with the recipient’s name, personalizes the presentation” (Price: $2500). The Presentation Collection did not appear in the 1955 catalog, but was apparently introduced shortly thereafter. A “brief” article in the September 17, 1956 issue of Newsweek supports this contention. The article, entitled “Pipe Dream”, contains a photo of the Presentation Collection, which is described as the “costliest pipe set ever marketed in the U.S.” (Lowndes notes that a small (undated) WWII era catalog showed the Presentation Collection in a smaller cabinet with legs that sold for $1000.) Presentation Block Meerschaum. Smooth or sculptured (“dimpled”) finish with black or “Ambera” (simulated amber) bits ($35-$50, depending on size).

  • Hi-Bowl. Tall, tapered bowl in six shapes (see Table 5). Available in smooth or “rough” finish ($10).
  • Mandarin. Smooth or relief grain finish with burnished-bamboo shank ($10).
  • Setter. No shank, just a ridged hole for a slender, filter-free, push-bit. Available in “flat bottom” (hence, “Setter”) panel, billiard, and poker shapes. Smooth or textured finish ($10).
  • Tuckaway. The 1955 catalog shows a Drinkless Tuckaway that was simply a smaller version of other Kaywoodie styles. The Tuckaways of the 1955-1968 period had military mountings, filter-free see-thru bits, and were packaged in a leatherette case. Available in Standard, Relief Grain, and Super Grain grades ($6-$8, depending on grade). Miniatures. Two-inch miniature replicas of “their big brother”, complete with the Drinkless fitment and Synchro Stem. The catalogs show these as individually-cased pipes but multiple pipe sets were apparently available. Price: $5.
  • Miniatures. Two-inch miniature replicas of “their big brother”, complete with the Drinkless fitment and Synchro Stem. The catalogs show these as individually-cased pipes but multiple pipe sets were apparently available. Price: $5.
  • Colossal Super Grains. Available in three “oversize” shapes (see Section 3.2) in hand-carved or smooth finishes ($5).

Other $5-Kaywoodies of this period included: the Litewate Super Grain (w/nylon comfort-bit); the Coral White Briar; Natural Burl; and the Syncro-Lok “500” and “600” pipes.

Table 5. Kaywoodie Pipe Shapes Introduced Between 1955 and 1968(a)

Shape No. Description
15 Small Squat Bulldog
20 Square Panel Billiard
21 Medium Billiard, Saddle Bit
37C Colossal Super Grain
39C Colossal Super Grain
42C Colossal Super Grain
58(b) Small Pot
61(b) Streamliner White Briar
65(b) Small Apple, Quarter Bent
66(b) Streamliner Super Grain
68(b) Small Apple, Half Bent
70B Belgian
76(b) Streamliner Standard
86b Square Panel Billiard
H3 High-Bowl
H4 High-Bowl
H6 High-Bowl
H7 High-Bowl
H8 High-Bowl
H9 High-Bowl

NOTES ON “OTHER” KAYWOODIE PIPES

The previous sections of this Chapter summarize information taken from eight Kaywoodie Catalogs from the period 1936 to 1969. Because of the gaps in the catalogs, it is highly likely that many “holes” exist in the material presented in this monograph. This section presents a brief overview of some Kaywoodie Pipes that did not appear in any of the catalogs consulted in this research. The information on these pipes was provided by W.R. “Bill” Lowndes (a well-known Kaywoodie Collector from California).

  • Mission Briar. WWII vintage Manzanita pipe. Not marked “Kaywoodie”. Lowndes notes that one of the two in his collection has a KBB leaf on the shank.
  • Drinkless Shellcraft. This pipe had a large, non-threaded fitment. The white logo on the bit was shaped like the Kaywoodie fitment. Some had KBB leaf on the shank. Lowndes notes that his Shellcraft does not have Kaywoodie shape numbers.
  • Gale. Lowndes notes that he has two: No. 17 dublin (Flame Grain with small white logo, extra large fitment, and a metal rim on top with a sliding windscreen); No. 07 large billiard (with same large fitment as dublin, but no logo).
  • Heritage. Lowndes suggests that the Heritage pipes were introduced in the 1960’s to compete with Dunhill. No fitments. Smooth finish called “Heirloom”, sandblast called “Antique”. Lowndes notes that there was a carved Heritage similar to Barling Quaints. Pipes were not marked “Kaywoodie”, and logo on bit is a double diamond. Lowndes notes that the Heritage pipes in his collection are small to medium-­size pipes and have Kaywoodie shape numbers. Lowndes suggests there may have been a special Heritage catalog.
  • Rock Ambera. Bakelite bits with appearance of amber. From the 1930’s and 1940’s. Most were marked “Rock Ambera”. Some have shanks stamped with cloverleaf around KBB, but no ampersand (like Yello Boles). (Other Kaywoodies with KBB stamping on shank also come with and without the ampersand, according to Lowndes.) Rock Ambera pipes had a black cloverleaf on the bits. (Lowndes notes that he has a Flame Grain Rock Ambera which is not stamped “Rock Ambera”, and has the black-in-white logo).12
  • English Kaywoodies. All of the catalogs reviewed in this research contained the following copyright notification: Printed in U.S.A., Kaufmann Bros. and Bondy, Inc., New York and London. Kaywoodie Pipe cases and smoker’s accessories were also marked with “New York and London”. The catalogs, however, do not present any information concerning Kaywoodie’s London operations, or how the English Kaywoodies might have differed from those manufactured and marketed in the U.S. Lowndes notes that he has several English Kaywoodies acquired in
  • Vaduz and Zurich. English Kaywoodies are now made by Oppenheimer pipes. Lowndes notes that English Kaywoodies with the “screw-in bit” come in Ruby Grain, Custom Grain, Standard, and Relief Grain grades. The traditional push-bit models come in Continental Plain and Relief, London Made, Minaret, Airway Polished No. 707, and Lightweight grades. Prices in 1985 ranged from 9.50 (pounds) to 26.00 (pounds). Lowndes notes that the Super Star was a special edition English Kaywoodie made of finest briar with a handmade silver band. Lowndes has two: one from Zurich with a large white-outlined logo, and beautifully cased; and one in walnut finish with the black-­in-white logo. A recent catalog shows the Super Star without a band and the ordinary small white logo. A 1985 letter from Oppenheimer states that the black-in-white logo has been discontinued and only the regular white logo is now used.

HINTS ON COLLECTING, DATING AND PRICING KAYWOODIES

Collector’s Guide to Kaywoodie Pipes This is an ongoing effort to adapt information from the Collector’s Guide to Kaywoodie Pipes into Pipedia articles. The Guide was first compiled by Chris

A Good Pipe is Getting Hard to Buy

Smoking shops in the city are putting pipes into the mouths of New Yorkers at a record rate, but high demand and a limited supply are creating a shortage of good pipes.

The shortage of quality pipes is so acute that manufacturers and distributors have been forced to fill the shops’ orders on an allocation basis.

Morris Gartenlaub, president of Kaywoodie Pipes, Inc., said his company was, allocating pipes on the basis of the average percentage of the company’s product the client had bought over the last three years. Only 60 per cent of all the orders can be filled, he added.

The system of allocating sales will probably continue into the middle of next year, Mr. Gartenlaub said.

A clerk at the Dunhill tobacco and pipe, shop on Fifth Avenue pointed to 22 full‐grain root briar pipes on the wall. The pipes, at $35 each, are the shop’s prize product.

“That’s all we have left—and a few in the drawer,” he said. “When we’ll ever get more, I don’t know”

The shortage is a result of the tremendous upsurge of the pipe and pipe‐tobacco industry in the last few years, especially since the Surgeon General’s report on smoking came out last January.

That report, which linked cigarette smoking to lung cancer and gave a relatively clean bill of health to pipes and cigars, joined with a zealous publicity campaign of the pipe and tobacco industry to produce thousands of new pipe smokers.

In the first 10 months of the year, pipe smokersbought 67.4 million pounds of domestic to-bacco, compared to 57.6 mil- lion pounds in the correspond- ing period last year imports were up from 1.3 million pounds to 2.2million.

There are no exact figures on pipes because, unlike tobacco, they are not taxed by the government and records are not kept. But Jerry Nagler, executive director of the Pipe and Tobacco Council, an industry public relations organization, said the year’s pipe sales were expected to reach $55 million. This, he said, would also be about a 20 per cent increase over last year.

The Clinton Square Corporation, a pipe distiibutor in East Orange, N.J., which handles about 25,000orders a year , reports orders from shops are up 300 per cent over last year but limited supply has kept the company to a 50 per cent increase in sales.

“As of Christmas,” said Jerome Lang, the sales manager, “we’re canceling all our back orders. We’ll never be able to catch up this year.” Nor is there a much better chance of keeping up with the demand next year. The quatit:y pipe makers are still geared to an age before pipes were sold as furnishings for the welldressed ma1e. “A dark pipe with greys and blues, a root briar with dark suits,” says Albert R. Sylvania, shop manager at Dunhill.

A quality pipe is six months in the making. It isformed by hand, often by craftsmen who learned the trade from their fathers. Modern pipe factories turningout high‐quality pipes have five‐year apprentice programs.

Rising labor costs and the dwindling supply of 100‐yearold briar roots from which the bowls are carved are pushing pipe costs highier—33 per cent over five years ago—but the price increases don’t seem to have cut the great demand.

If the supplies run out at the tobacco shops, there are always the less‐expensive models at the candy stores.

Earlier this week, an elderly woman—80 per cent of the pipe buyers in holiday seasons are women—stepped up to the Dunhill counter to buy a pipe for her husband because she had thrown all his out by mistake.

“Thrown them out?” cried the anguished clerk. “How many were there?” Twenty, was the embarrassed answer.

When he heard the low price she intended to pay for a replacement, he advised her to try the drug store down the block.

A Good Pipe is Getting Hard to Buy Smoking shops in the city are putting pipes into the mouths of New Yorkers at a record rate, but high demand and a limited supply are creating a shortage of ]]>