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Characterizing Blunt Smokers by Their Acquisition of Cannabis

Affiliation

  • 1 a Program in Public Health , University of California , Irvine , California , USA.
  • PMID: 29300122
  • DOI: 10.1080/10826084.2017.1409767

Characterizing Blunt Smokers by Their Acquisition of Cannabis

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Author

Affiliation

  • 1 a Program in Public Health , University of California , Irvine , California , USA.
  • PMID: 29300122
  • DOI: 10.1080/10826084.2017.1409767

Abstract

Background: Ethnographers have reported that young, urban males embraced blunt smoking in response to the crack cocaine epidemic that ravaged their neighborhoods in the 1980s. But, recent survey data has indicated high rates of other illicit drug use among blunt smokers.

Objectives: The objective of this study was to examine the association between blunt smoking and cannabis acquisition as a potential explanation for the correlation with other illicit drug use.

Methods: The sample consisted of participants from the 2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) who reported use of cannabis or blunts in the prior month (n = 6,040). Logistic regression was used in estimating measures of demographics, access to illicit drugs, access to medical cannabis, frequency of cannabis/blunt use, and type of blunt smoker as correlates of a cannabis purchase versus other means of acquisition (e.g. sharing it).

Results: Accounting for other variables, current blunt smokers had 1.4 times the odds of purchasing cannabis relative to the cannabis users who had never smoked a blunt. Furthermore, the current blunt smokers had greater odds of purchasing cannabis frequently and making the purchases in outdoor settings. Conclusions/Importance: The findings suggest that current blunt smokers compared to other cannabis users are at greater risk of the dangers associated with illegal drug transactions. The legalization of recreational cannabis in some U.S. states is coinciding with the growth of a cannabis black market, highlighting the need for the continued assessment of cannabis acquisition in NSDUH questionnaires.

Keywords: Cannabis; blunts; illicit markets; purchases.

Accounting for other variables, current blunt smokers had 1.4 times the odds of purchasing cannabis relative to the cannabis users who had never smoked a blunt. Furthermore, the current blunt smokers had greater odds of purchasing cannabis frequently and making the purchases in outdoor settings. Con …

A comparison of drug use and dependence between blunt smokers and other cannabis users

Affiliation

  • 1 Program in Public Health, University of California, Irvine, California 92697-7555, USA. [email protected]
  • PMID: 19212929
  • DOI: 10.1080/10826080802347651

A comparison of drug use and dependence between blunt smokers and other cannabis users

  • Search in PubMed
  • Search in NLM Catalog
  • Add to Search

Author

Affiliation

  • 1 Program in Public Health, University of California, Irvine, California 92697-7555, USA. [email protected]
  • PMID: 19212929
  • DOI: 10.1080/10826080802347651

Abstract

Ethnographic studies have suggested that blunt smokers represent a subculture of cannabis users whose drug use is moderated by social norms. The objective of this study was to compare rates of cannabis dependence/abuse and nicotine dependence between blunt and other cannabis smokers. The sample included adolescents and young adults (n = 4348) who reported some form of past-month cannabis use in the 2004 National Survey on Drug Use and Health. Compared to smokers who never used blunts, blunt smokers had significantly greater odds of being dependent on cannabis and tobacco. Associations with cannabis dependence/abuse remained statistically significant with adjustment for smoking frequency and demographic characteristics. These findings highlight the need for differentiating types of cannabis users in epidemiologic studies. The study’s limitations are noted.

Ethnographic studies have suggested that blunt smokers represent a subculture of cannabis users whose drug use is moderated by social norms. The objective of this study was to compare rates of cannabis dependence/abuse and nicotine dependence between blunt and other cannabis smokers. The sample incl …